22 Jul

Our trip to Nepal is one that will stay with us for the rest of our lives.  Though we tried, our words and pictures do not do it justice.  However, I am thankful for them because I know that for years to come, we will be able to relive this adventure through these stories we have shared.  And we hope that you too have gained something through them.  We want to thank everyone for taking this journey with us, sharing with us in the tears and the laughter that we experienced along the way.  It was a difficult road, in many ways, but it was made easier by the support and encouragement of our loved ones at home.  I want to thank my mom and dad for letting me tag along, always having to request a roll-away in the hotel room and squeeze in a little closer in the tiny taxis.  I am so grateful I was able to share these experiences with them.  And finally, we would like to thank the people of Nepal, without whom these stories would not have their characters, their humor, their sadness and their reality.  We were truly touched by the warmth and kindness of the Nepali people, and we hope to imbue in others their principles in life.



At Bhaktapur, an ancient Newar town in Kathmandu

A view of the Kathmandu Valley from Swayambhunath

Namaste from Nepal



Lessons Learned

20 Jul

We arrived back in Los Angeles a few weeks ago, but our time in Nepal has stuck with us more than we could have imagined.  When I set out on this journey, I was hoping to add a few details to my Master’s thesis, but what I found was that as much as I tried, I could not escape the hold that the country had on me.  Though it is difficult to express all the things I have learned from my journey, I have had some time to reflect, and have compiled a list of things I learned.


  1. Learn to squat.  While most restaurants in the big cities have “Western toilets,” asking for one promises to get you strange looks.
  2. There is always room.  There is a great movie in theaters right now, “The Best Exotic Marigold Hotel,” which takes place in India.  However, almost everything about it can be applied to my experiences in Nepal.  As one character says while trying to squeeze into a bus full of people, “There is always room.”  This can be said about most things in Nepal—the busses, extra guests at a local’s home, even your belly when your host fills your plate with daal bhat for the third time.
  3. Don’t eat that—but don’t be afraid to try the local food either.  Every single person we met (tourists, trekkers, aid workers) spent at least an entire day sick.  Somehow, none of us did.  We were very careful about we ate, making sure that everything was cooked before we tried it.  Thankfully, most Nepali food is cooked, and the tea is boiled.  But after a week of filling ourselves with rice and lentils, we had to force ourselves not to order salads.  With that in mind, is would be an injustice to travel to Nepal and deprive yourself of the Nepali cuisine.  Even after we came home I still craved momos, a Nepali-style dumpling, and Chicken Sekuwa, grilled spicy meat.
  4. Look up!  Yes, you will step on spit and cow dung, that part is almost inescapable.  But fussing over and side-stepping an on-coming luggie will only make you miss the beautiful scenery.  Even in the streets of Kathmandu where the mountains aren’t visible above the colorful handing garlands, the bright marigold wreaths and beads around brown necks are only the surface of the onslaught of the attack on your senses.  At every turn, a new sight, smell, feeling awaits.
  5. Don’t refuse an invitation.  If someone offers you tea, accept.  We must have insulted many people trying to rush off to make the bus get to a meeting on time.
  6. On that note- don’t expect the locals to follow the same timetable as you.  The local busses are rarely on time, and it is best not to let yourself get too frustrated.  I cant count how many times we were told, “Don’t worry about it! There’s nothing you can do.”
  7. Bring an umbrella.  I finally understand why people carry umbrellas when its not raining.  The temperatures got up to 100 degrees with little shade or wind for relief.  Almost every day we wished had brought an umbrella with us.
  8. Watch out for others’ umbrellas.  It seems that on the crowded streets of Kathmandu, you are more likely to be poked in the eye by an umbrella than mugged like most tourists in other cities.
  9. Old dogs can learn new tricks.  (Thank you Marigold Hotel, again)  Three weeks in Nepal taught me that most of the Western comforts I took for granted weren’t actually a necessity and our habits were born out of complacency and were ready to be shaken.  We got used to brushing our teeth using our sterilized water.  When we first arrived in Kathmandu, just crossing the street without crossing signals seemed a sure death wish.  We followed closely behind the locals, as my mom screamed at my dad for almost getting us run over.  After just a few days though, we learned to navigate the busy streets on our own with just a few Nepali words shouted at us that we were probably better off not understanding.
  10. The world is big, the world is small.  When I was little, there were two places in the world that I considered to be the most different, exotic and unlike anything in my own world: Kathmandu and Timbuktu.  The names just oozed adventure.  Never did I expect to actually visit one of these places.  And being there exceeded every expectation that I had accumulated in preparation.  It is a world different from my own in every way imaginable.  And yet, at its root, it is exactly the same.


A monkey stealing some food

Young monks

Prayer Wheels




Circle of Life

18 Jul

It is fitting that we ended our trip to Nepal with a visit to the holy crematorium at Pashupatinath.  On the banks of the holiest of holies, the Bagmati River, Pashupatinath represents the place of endings and beginnings to the Nepali.  It was there that we were forced to think deeply about life.  Its beginning, its end, and its purpose.  At first, to our Western sensitivities, Pashupatinath makes you hold your nose and avert your eyes.  The spectacle, the odors, the emotions of mass cremations is very difficult to accept. Yet, as with life, you learn to ponder deeper meanings.  The end merging into the beginning – the transitory emerging from the permanent.  The ceremony is most delicate.  The body is prepared, purified, presented, cremated, and then offered to the river.  The family members gather not only to attend the ceremony, but also to become participants in the act.  They wait—thinking, chatting & discussing the deceased’s life while they watch the body burn.  The sight of the flames, the smell of the ash, the heat of the fire, the taste of the rice and the sound of the mantras all become part of the family’s substance. As the ashes settle on the banks of the Bagmati and return to the earth, the four elements of life are recreated: the Earth that collects the ashes, the Wind that carries the smoke, the Fire that purifies the flesh, and the Waters of the Bagmati.  Life is renewed. Transient, yet immutable.

-Post by RPS

Note: Please be warned that some of the following images are a little graphic.  I have decided to post pictures of the cremation ceremonies because it is what this sacred place is about.  It was a beautiful and moving experience for us, and while it might be shocking to many readers from Western cultures (as it was to us at first), that is a large part of why it affected us so much.

Three monkeys silhouetted like statues at dusk in Pashupatinath

The banks of the Bagmati where the ashes meet the water

Cremation Ceremony

A colorful reminder of life in the midst of this humbling, yet sacred place

Monkeys on the Runway

30 May

I am fortunate to have travelled quite a bit in my life.  I have napped on beautiful white sand beaches, navigated through the back streets of Europe, seen the ruins of Machu Picchu, drifted along the Amazon.  I have seen the Andes, the Alps, the Rockies.  But none of these compares to the Himalayas.

We took a short 25-minute flight from Pokhara to Kathmandu, flying along the mountain range.  The Pokhara airport is tiny, and the metal detector in the “security” section was broken.  The flight announcement we were told would be made was actually just a man running around telling passengers it was time to go through security.  While waiting for our flight, we saw a small Buddha Air plane take off.  We were told that was our plane.  The small propeller plane made its way to Kathmandu and back in one hour, getting us in the air just in time to see the Himalayas peaking its white tips high into the sky.

The two curtains behind me block off the security rooms at the airport.  There are no x-ray machines and the metal detectors weren’t working, so the men and women were taken into the separate rooms for a pat down.

After we landed in Kathmandu, someone pointed to small figures running across the runway.  I turned and saw dozens of monkeys running from one end to the other and over a high fence into the trees.  I shouldn’t have been so surprised to see them.  Animals run free all over Nepal.  In fact, Chitwan, in Southern Nepal, has a large National Park that houses Bengal tigers, leopards, pythons and the second largest population of Asian Rhinoceros.  In Kathmandu, large cows with fresh marigold wreaths around their necks sleep unharmed like center dividers in the busy streets.  But for some reason, the monkeys on the runway completely caught me off guard.

Dozens of monkeys ran across the runway and climbed over the fence.

We arrived back in Kathmandu around noon, and seeing the drive to the hotel in the daylight gave me a completely different perspective of the city.  Our first time there, it was pitch black when we arrived, and my mom joked that it was a good thing I couldn’t see where we were going.  This time, I saw the back alleys, the rubble on the side of the road, the pothole-ridden street that led to our hotel.  I was thankful that I had already seen Kathmandu in the daylight, because if this were my first impression, I would have asked the driver to turn around.

The Kathmandu baggage claim.  The men stand on the carts waving the luggage until someone claims it.

La Bohéme

6 May

Pokhara couldn’t have been more different from my first impression, and it quickly turned into one of my favorite cities.  It’s a small (by first world standards) town nestled on the Phewa Lake blockaded by the Himalayas.  It is actually the second most populated city in Nepal, after Kathmandu, and is a popular tourist destination.  However, it is difficult to even call it a city.  Walking along the lake, we felt like we were in on some sort of secret, like we were being treated with this unspoiled treasure that the rest of the world had no idea even existed.

Phewa Lake at dusk

It is likely that the types of tourists who visit are the reason that Pokhara has maintained its charm.  Although the street signs are in English and the restaurants serve hamburgers, the trekkers and the hippies, not always mutually exclusive, respect the landscape and genuinely love the country.  Many vagabonds stop in Pokhara on their way to another place and end up spending years there, lured in by the bohemian luster.  Dreadlocks and flowing skirts float past you with cheery far-off smiles as you make your way to the next shop with hanging scarves and colorful woolen rugs.  Caught somewhere between 1840’s Paris and a Moroccan bazaar, this little city entranced us too.

We spent two days in Lakeside Pokhara, basking in our post-valley luxuries.  We relished the air conditioner, refrigerator, and wifi, and even the 14-hour long government-inflicted blackouts everyday couldn’t hamper our moods.

Dad and Mom at Phewa Lake

On our first night, I ordered pizza at a wonderful restaurant called Moondance.  I devoured it, thankful for the break from our twice-daily daal bhats.  But after that night of satisfying my Western cravings, I continued to enjoy the Nepali cuisine, which is delicious.  I had had Nepali food before our trip, but I was not prepared for how much I would love every dish I tried.  There are many different types of Nepali foods, the most common of which is daal bhat, but the flavors resemble everything from Indian to Hawaiian.  Some of the spices are familiar; they use garlic and onions in almost every dish, with cilantro, ginger and cardamom permeating even the smallest serving of pickled vegetables.

Even after we left the valley, we continued to enjoy the local foods.  Our daily lunches consisted of chicken momos, a Nepali-style dumpling, and garlic naan.  We soaked up the laid-back hippie lifestyle, feeling comforted to be surrounded by English-speaking Americans and Europeans again, but thrilled by the unique Lakeside Nepali culture.  We spent our time in Pokhara wandering the streets, in the hot sun, visiting the small shopkeepers with their windows draped in cashmere and prayer beads.  Beautiful dilapidated but colorful rowboats floated on the lake like petals on a pond, and the entire Lakeside seemed to be enveloped by a sense of calm.  Our time in Pokhara was absolutely perfect.

Kathy Cooks

1 May

One morning, I offered to cook dinner.  In Nepali homes, the guests do not enter the kitchen, so I really didn’t know how this was all going to work out. Our friend, Shree, has a chicken farm and had been telling us that he was going to bring a chicken for dinner one night. Everyone wanted to taste American food, so it made sense that I would cook. When asked what ingredients I would need, I had to stop and think of what exactly I was going to cook. Chicken with garlic, onions and potatoes, green beans and tomatoes on the side. Sounds easy enough. Now for the spices, do they have any thyme or oregano? What about olive oil or some butter?

In the late afternoon Shree came down from the chicken farm with a live chicken in his arms. He put it in the storeroom to wait until the water boiled, in order to pluck the feathers. With a quick slice, and a dunk into the boiling water Shree began plucking. Since we didn’t have the knives to butcher it, Shree took the chicken to the local butcher. He asked me how I wanted the chicken cut and I told him that any way the butcher did it was fine with me.

I had begun to cook the potatoes, onions and garlic when then the power went out. It was getting dark, and this reminded me of the times when I was using a camp stove. The kitchen does not have any running water or refrigeration and without light it was hard to see what I was cooking. When Shree returned with the butchered chicken, he handed me a small black plastic bag, full of a cut-up chicken, every part of it including the bones and organs.

Nabaraj and Shree returned with the local wine and a few neighbors stopped by to taste American food. We all laughed and had a good time. Even Shailee and Bimala (Shailee’s cousin who lived with them) ate with everyone in the living room. Funny thing though, the chicken tasted Nepali. I think the spices are embedded in the wok. When Shree asked me what the name of my dish was I said “motorcycle chicken.” He just smiled and knew why. I named it that because the chickens are carried, live, to the markets tied to the handlebars of the motorcycle.

Shree, proudly holding his chicken

Goodbye, Rupakot!

27 Apr

As it usually happens when you’re on vacation, the second half of our week in the valley went by too fast.  On the morning we left, I remembered back to the first few days when I annoyingly asked my parents why in the world we needed to be here for one whole week.  I told myself that if I could make it until Tuesday, half way, the rest would be easy.  I was right.  As the days went by, I got used to seeing everyone eat with the their hands.  I got pretty good at squatting to go to the bathroom.  And we learned what to do during a standoff with the buffalo (which happened more than you might think).

I really enjoyed my last few days there, and cursed the close-mindedness I once had.  Our Farewell Ceremony was even grander than our Welcoming Ceremony.  My dad was presented with a “topi,” a Nepali-style hat that the respected men of the community wear.  My mom and I received beautiful Nepali cloths to be worn as shawls.  We were thanked for our visit and for our contributions to the village.  We were called things like “honorable” and “distinguished”—descriptions that certainly don’t fit us.  That is how the Nepali people speak.  Every white person is “a wonderful personality.”  But we couldn’t help feeling unworthy of all of the hoopla.  We tried as best as we could to explain that they had touched us as much as we touched them.

My dad, mom and me following the Farewell Ceremony.  My dad also received a “mala,” the gorgeous wreath around his neck.

Saying goodbye to Shailee and the children (Jenisa, their 4 year daughter, and Babu, which means “little boy,” their 2 year old son), was much more emotional than we had expected.  For the last week, they shared their food with us and shared their lives with us.  These two children touched us immensely, with their beautiful smiles and infectious laughter.  When I hugged Shailee, I saw tears in her eyes and all the efforts I had made to suppress mine were futile.

My mom with Jenisa, whom we nicknamed Princess, and Babu

Nabaraj and Jenisa accompanied us to Pokhara, our next stop, because Jenisa goes to school in Pokhara where her grandparents live.  She sat in the backseat with my mom, dad and me during the long car ride, and fell asleep spread across our laps.  We were all secretly happy that we didn’t have to say goodbye to her until the next morning.

The ride to Pokhara was similar to our ride out to the valley from Kathmandu, except for one strange occurrence. We took a “jeep,” which is really just an old pickup truck, and when we arrived at the river to cross, the driver stopped and asked us to get out.  This was the car wash.  We stood to the side for 30 minutes as he splashed water into the bed and behind the wheels.  Sure enough, the truck was clean.

As we drove into Pokhara, the streets were packed with people dressed head-to-toe in red, and busses drove past us with red flags.  There was a Communist Convention.  The Maoists took control of the government a few years ago, and were gaining support from the impoverished Nepali people.  These conventions happen every once in while to ensure that their commitment doesn’t waiver.  Throughout the city, hammer and sickle signs were abundant.  This must have been the first time I had seen such outward support of Communism, and I was scared.

The Princess.  Photo taken by my dad.

Fireflies and Night Skies

27 Apr

When the sun sets in the Lamjung Valley, the air becomes still and quiet.  When the power is out, as it often is, the stars litter the sky.  It takes a few moments for your eyes to adjust to the deep darkness that we so rarely see in the States, but once they do, they catch the stars glittering brightly, challenged only by the fireflies that sparkle inches from where you sit.  They are not afraid to get too close to you.  It’s almost as if they know the effect they have on us.

When the sun sets in the Lamjung Valley, the villagers enjoy their daal bhat and turn in for the night.  Tired and sore from a difficult day of plowing the fields or hauling rocks up the mountainside, most residents have quiet evenings.  One night towards the end of our stay, Nabaraj asked if we would like to try the “local wine.”  This sounded tempting enough, so he and our friend Shree visited “The Gurung down the road” to buy some homemade millet wine.  As my dad described in his earlier post “Mite,” the wine tasted like something between moonshine and mothballs.  For me, who doesn’t usually drink alcohol, I was repulsed.  It looked like water, and, thankfully I caught a whiff of what was in the glass I was about to sip as I raised it to my lips.  “When you visit us in California,” we told them, “we’re going to take you to this place called Napa.”

However, the wine served its purpose.  The exhausted men relaxed and opened up to us, and our laughter filled the sleeping valley with echoes.  Seeing the serious men and their obedient wives finally relax was rewarding.  It was still an early night, and no one exceeded the stage of Social Lubrication, but it was a wonderful evening.  By 10 PM, we joined the rest of the villagers in a deep sleep, and the fireflies scattered as some of the men stumbled home.

Bright busses and personal space

27 Apr

I take back everything I said about the drive out to the valley.  On Tuesday we took the local bus to a nearby city called Besisahar.  Besisahar is about a 1½ hour bus ride from Rupakot, and it has an impressive hospital to which the patients in the rural villages around the Lamjung Valley are often referred for more serious conditions.  We wanted to visit the hospital there to see how we could make ours work, and for inspiration, guidance, and a little bit of assurance.

We wanted to take the local bus so we could experience exactly what the villagers experience when they have to make the journey to a better hospital.  It was not an easy trip.  After a long walk along the rice paddy fields and across the river, we caught the bus outside of the school.  When we got on, there were no seats available, at least not inside of the bus.  There were several men sitting on top of the bus, though.  When we started careening around the mountain roads, I half expected to see bodies flying off the roof.  It goes without saying that we chose to squeeze ourselves into the aisle like cattle.

The bus was unlike anything I had seen before.  The outside is decorated in bright paints, often with the words “Handsome Man,” or other means of identification marking the front bumper.  The ceiling on the inside of the bus had bright paintings plastered along it, while punched tin decorated the window frames.  With the Nepali music blaring, the bus quickly made its way across a river (not by bridge) and along the bumpy road.  Imagining a woman in labor or a sick child having to endure this trip was difficult.  It was not an easy journey.

A Local Bus

The inside of the bus, with colorfully decorating ceilings.

Punched tin decorating the windows on the bus

The bus crossing the river (with a man washing in the background)

The hospital director at the Besisahar Hospital was extremely kind and welcoming to us.  He answered all of our questions about the statistics, such as the chances of survival after a hospital delivery versus a home delivery, and gave us a tour of the facilities.  We wanted to understand how they became self-sustaining and how the government and the NGO, both of which supported the hospital, worked together.  The visit was very promising.

After some chicken momos, a Nepali dumpling, and naan, we took the bus back to the valley.  This trip was even worse than the way there.  Many of you might know that personal space is somewhat of a commodity in the United States.  Here in Nepal they have no conception of it.  We were fortunate to find seats on the bus, but it quickly filled.  A girl about my age stood next to me in the aisle and motioned to my seat, and not understanding her, I thought she wanted to put her purse on the ground next to me to keep it safe.  By now, I was used to being taken by surprise, and yet when she lifted the armrest and sat on my seat, I was dumbfounded.  There was not much space left on my seat, and I hadn’t moved over, so she was, basically, sitting on my lap.  Unapologetically, she forced her weight against me, until an English speaking Nepali man who had engaged us in conversation noticed me making a “is this for real?” gesture to my mom and asked the girl to stand up.  I endured her dirty looks as I enjoyed my roomy seat the rest of the way home.

When we were about 15 minutes from the school where we would get off to walk home, the bus stopped on the side of the road.  The driver and the money collector left the bus.  It was hot and the sun was setting and we were getting restless.  We waited, an entire bus full of people, without any explanation for an hour and a half.  We saw one of them sitting on a rock smoking a cigarette.  Some people got out to stretch their legs.  But when my mom and I complained to Nabaraj, he said cheerfully “Don’t worry!  There’s nothing you can do about it.”  What?!?  There’s nothing you can do about it?  At home, this would never happen.  The bus driver doesn’t just leave for a smoke and come back an hour and a half later without telling the passengers how long he would be gone.  We could have walked home and had our daal bhat 2 by the time they came back.  But now, we would be crossing the river in the dark after the bus dropped us off at the school again.  I learned two things about the Nepali people that day.  First, personal space is a luxury; second, the people have little say in what happens when other people, especially the government, are involved.

The Real Housewives of the Lamjung Valley

26 Apr

All of the housewives in the village know everyone else’s business and they gossip constantly. When one of them becomes pregnant, they all try to help figure out whether or not it will be a boy or girl; hopefully it will be a boy. When we walked down to wash at the well, everyone asked where we were going. When I made my big mistake (washing in the drinking-water pond), they all knew about it.  “The stupid American does not even know how to wash her clothes,” and they were right!

When a new person comes to town, they have a Welcoming Ceremony, and when that person leaves, it’s an even bigger ceremony. When invited to tea, or offered curd, it’s best to accept, with grace – as you, the visitor to their home, are considered a “god.”  Not accepting their invitation is like a god refusing their offerings.

A closed door is not a closed door, as Rene found out on our first morning in the valley. We had just woken up (at 5:30 am,) and as Gaby was walking back from the bathroom someone was walking into our bedroom. The doctor was in town and “could he please take a look at my mother? She saw a doctor who gave her medicine for her heart, she is not taking it anymore, but she is dizzy.” Many times during the day someone would walk into our room. Often it was one of the kids who wanted to watch Gaby as she put in her contact lenses or brushed her hair, or put on her make-up. Even Babu (Nabaraj’s little boy) knew where the chocolates were and he came in with a trail of other children and pointed to the bag, smiling. To the villagers, our bedroom was not our bedroom, but just another room in Nabaraj’s house, where we happened to be sleeping.

When tragedy strikes, “it must have been a demon.” As we soon found out, this is an all too common occurrence. If a mother miscarries, or an infant dies, “a demon took them.” Through taking to the villagers, we found out that these tragedies are a way of life in Nepal, and some things are not questioned, rather they are accepted. That doesn’t mean that they don’t offer their advice, even when not asked for it. The new mother must wear a sweater for several months after delivering, even when it’s hot outside, as it often is in Nepal. If a doctor gives them medicine, they all weigh in on what it is and whether or not it is OK to take it.

The villagers also celebrate life’s milestones together. Weddings involve the whole village and can last for more than a day. First, the bride’s family accepts the groom into their home, and has a feast for the village. Then the men carry the bride in a basket to the groom’s home, where another feast is waiting.  When a baby reaches 6 months old they have a ceremony for their first rice eating, which again is celebrated by a feast for the village. If an extra person drops in at Daal Bhat time, another plate is set out, and the gossiping begins.

So, let’s call Ryan Seacrest, I’m sure that the Real Housewives of Lamjung Valley would be much more entertaining than “Keeping up With the Kardashians.”

As they say in Nepal, “why not?”

–Post by KPS

The women of Lamjung Valley